Energy : Manred

Energy : Manred



The Barddas, which is one of the key works of Iolo Morgannwg, is often quoted as a core reference for Druidry, but when you read it there is the realisation that the religious bias is towards Christian thinking. However we can choose to look beyond these glosses and possibly find pre-Christian ideas.

If we can accept that God as an concept, idea and creator can be defined and understood in many different ways then we need not get too ‘hung up’ on the dogma of the words, but accept it in its broader sense.

Presented in The Barddas is the notion that ‘in the beginning’ all that existed was God and Cythrawl – the principle of life and the principle of destruction. The latter could be described as Chaos.

In mythology The Creator (Cosmos, God/dess) uttered their name and the primal substance of the Universe was formed – the Manred.


They were made of the manred, that is, of the elements in the extremities of their particles and smallest atom … God was in each of the particles of the manred, …

2003, Kennth Morris, “Druidism”, in G. De Purucker, editor, Theosophical Path Magazine, January to June 1930

God pronounce his ineffable name, and Manred, the primal substance of the Universe, was formed. Manred was composed of thousands of teeming atoms in each of which God was present, and each was part of God.

2004, Lewis Spence, “The Celtic Idea of the Origin of Man”, in An Introduction to Mythology

Thus each particle of the Manred was a complete microcosm – each containing the creative force. “God” is complete in each part of the Manred and at the same time was part of “God” as a whole.

The totality of creation can now be expressed in terms of three concentric circles…

Abred – where life sprang from the Annwn and is in constant evolution and struggle – the battle between Life with Cythrawl (the inner most)

Gwynfyd – (purity) where life is manifest having overcome battles with darkness

Ceugant – (infinity) inhabited by God/Goddess ‘alone’ (the outer unbounded ‘circle’)




Manred has no characteristics of its own, except for the power to condense into Calas, flow into Gwyar or expand into Nwyfre.